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Current treatment options for treating OPA1 -mutant dominant optic atrophy.

Drugs of Today 2022 November
Dominant optic atrophy (DOA) is caused by OPA1 gene mutation, and it represents one of the most frequently diagnosed forms of hereditary optic neuropathies. This neurodegenerative disorder typically occurs in the first decades of life, and it is often associated with severe visual impairment. For this reason, several treatment options have been examined for the management of DOA, including vitamin supplements, ubiquinone analogues (in particular idebenone) and, more recently, gene therapy. Among them, idebenone has shown the most promising clinical outcomes in recent real-life studies. Furthermore, gene therapy represents also a promising therapeutic approach; however, more evidence in clinical trials is needed. In this review, we will summarize and discuss all the possible treatment options for DOA, in order to identify the current optimal management in these patients, whose visual prognosis remains unfortunately poor and unsatisfactory in the everyday clinical practice.

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