Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Anticoagulant Usage After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Is Associated With Increased Rate of Manipulation Under Anesthesia.

BACKGROUND: Arthrofibrosis after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is a notable but uncommon complication of ACLR. To improve range of motion after ACLR, aggressive physical therapy, arthroscopic/open lysis of adhesions, and revision surgery are currently used. Manipulation under anesthesia (MUA) is also a reasonable choice for an appropriate subset of patients with inadequate range of motion after ACLR. Recently, the correlation between anticoagulant usage and arthrofibrosis after total knee arthroplasty has become an area of interest. The purpose of this study was to determine whether anticoagulant use has a similar effect on the incidence of MUA after ACLR.

METHODS: The Mariner data set of the PearlDiver database was used to conduct this retrospective cohort study. Patients with an isolated ACLR were identified by using Current Procedural Terminology codes. Patients were then stratified by MUA within 2 years of ACLR, and the use of postoperative anticoagulation was identified. In addition, patient demographics, medical comorbidities, and timing of ACLR were recorded. Univariate and multivariable analyses were used to model independent risk factors for MUA.

RESULTS: We identified 216,147 patients who underwent isolated ACLR. Of these patients, 3,494 (1.62%) underwent MUA within 2 years. Patients who were on anticoagulants after ACLR were more likely to require an MUA (odds ratio [OR]: 2.181; P < 0.001), specifically low-molecular-weight heparin (OR: 2.651; P < 0.001), warfarin (OR: 1.529; P < 0.001), and direct factor Xa inhibitors (OR: 1.957; P < 0.001).

DISCUSSION: In conclusion, arthrofibrosis after ACLR is associated with the use of preoperative or postoperative thromboprophylaxis. Healthcare providers should be aware of increased stiffness among these patients and treat them aggressively.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app