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The Burden of Cardiac Arrhythmias in Gout: A National Representative Database study.

BACKGROUND: The association between gout and arrhythmias has not been thoroughly examined. This study discusses the underappreciated burden, patterns, and outcomes of several arrhythmias, which may have prognostic value in patients with gout.

METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study that used the US National Inpatient Sample for 2015-2019. Complex samples multivariable logistic and linear regression models were used to assess the incidence and trends in gout-related arrhythmia and consequential inpatient mortality, hospital length of stay (LOS), hospitalization charges, and predictors of mortality.

RESULTS: Hospitalizations that included a diagnosis of gout accounted for 60,360 admissions. Arrhythmias affected roughly one-fourth of those. When compared to individuals without arrhythmia, those who experienced arrhythmias were older. Arrhythmias were found to be equally common in both men and women. The most common subtype was AF (88%), followed by atrial flutter (6.2%), conduction disorders (4.7%), and ventricular tachycardia (3.2%). In individuals with gout, there was a rising trend in arrhythmia-related hospital admissions and mortality. The gout-arrhythmia group had more traditional cardiac comorbidities. After adjusting for baseline variables, the arrhythmia group had significantly greater mortality (693 vs. 77 per 100,000 hospitalizations), mean LOS (4.3 vs. 3.7 days), and hospital costs ($33,057 vs. $28,384). In gout, incident arrhythmia dramatically raised the risk of death (adjusted odds ratio, 2.06; 95% CI, 1.95-2.16; P<0.001).

CONCLUSION: Gout patients who are hospitalized with concurrent arrhythmia have a likelihood of longer stays in the hospital and higher mortality. Early identification and treatment of arrhythmia may benefit outcomes in gout patients.

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