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[Results of the application of complex physiotherapeutic neurostimulation in optical neuropathies of various genesis].

Optical neuropathies (ON) are the outcome of many diseases of various origins. The main ones are classified as inflammatory, vascular and traumatic ON. ON lead to subatrophy of the optic nerve, but even after the completion of treatment, it is possible to improve visual functions by using physiotherapeutic means of ophthalmic rehabilitation.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of complex physiotherapeutic neuro-ophthalmostimulation in case of ON of vascular origin.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 60 patients (120 eyes) with a verified diagnosis of optic neuropathy of vascular origin, who were divided into 2 groups comparable in age, gender and anatomical and functional characteristics: the main group of 30 patients (60 eyes) and the control group - 30 patients (60 eyes), including 24 men and 36 women, mean age was 66.2±4.1 years, disease duration was 4.1±1.7 years. All patients underwent courses of conservative treatment with vitamins according to the available ophthalmological standards, repeating them 1-2 times a year, the last of which was six months before the present study. Physiotherapy courses and patients did not pass. 20 healthy volunteers were taken to create basic indicators of the «norm» of the applied research methods. Patients of the main group used a set of procedures: transcranial magnetic electrical stimulation, endonasal electrophoresis with the drug neuroprotector Semax 0.1%, oxybaric chamber and acupuncture. Patients in the control group were prescribed basic therapy, including taking the vitamin complex BEROCCA for 3 months. Breakpoints: before treatment and at times: 1st week, 12 weeks and 24 weeks after the course of treatment, according to the standard recommendations for international multicenter studies. The following were assessed: visual field boundaries (dilation meridians; in deg.), light sensitivity (MS, MD; in dB), indicators of the state of the retinal ganglion layer (GCS thickness, volume loss): Avg CCG (in µm), FLV, GLV (in %).

RESULTS: When evaluating the results in patients of the main group who received complex neurostimulation, the therapeutic efficacy in a week after the end of treatment was 94%, in 12 weeks - in 88% and in 24 weeks - 83%, while in patients of the control group for all studied indicators showed only a positive trend and therapeutic efficacy did not exceed 30-42%.

CONCLUSION: Under the influence of the developed neurostimulating complex, the activity of nerve cells objectively increases, leading to a significant increase in the boundaries of the field of view and light sensitivity and a decrease in global losses of the retinal ganglion complex and optic nerve.

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