Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Frequency of Adrenal Insufficiency in Patients With Hypoglycemia in an Emergency Department: A Cross-sectional Study.

CONTEXT: In most patients presenting with hypoglycemia in emergency departments, the etiology of hypoglycemia is identified. However, it cannot be determined in approximately 10% of cases.

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify the causes of unknown hypoglycemia, especially adrenal insufficiency.

METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated the etiology of hypoglycemia among patients in our emergency department with hypoglycemia (plasma glucose level < 70 mg/dL (3.9 mmol/L)] between April 1, 2016 and March 31, 2021 using a rapid adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) test.

RESULTS: There were 528 cases with hypoglycemia included [52.1% male; median age 62 years (range 19-92)]. The majority [389 (73.7%)] of patients were using antidiabetes drugs. Additionally, 33 (6.3%) consumed alcohol; 17 (3.2%) had malnutrition; 13 (2.5%), liver dysfunction; 12 (2.3%), severe infectious disease; 11 (2.1%), malignancy; 9 (1.7%), heart failure; 4 (0.8%), insulin autoimmune syndrome; 3 (0.6%), insulinoma; 2 (0.4%) were using hypoglycemia-relevant drugs; and 1 (0.2%) suffered from non-islet cell tumor. Rapid ACTH tests revealed adrenal insufficiency in 32 (6.1%). In those patients, serum sodium levels were lower (132 vs 139 mEq/L, P  < 0.01), eosinophil counts were higher (14 vs 8%, P  < 0.01), and systolic blood pressure was lower (120 vs 128 mmHg, P  < 0.05) at baseline than in patients with the other etiologies.

CONCLUSION: The frequency of adrenal insufficiency as a cause of hypoglycemia was much higher than what we anticipated. When protracted hypoglycemia of unknown etiology is recognized, we recommend that the patient is checked for adrenal function using a rapid ACTH test.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app