COManeci MechANical dilation for vasospasm (COMMAND): multicenter experience

Mohamed M Salem, Jane Khalife, Sohum Desai, Vera Sharashidze, Clint Badger, Anna L Kuhn, Andre Monteiro, Hisham Salahuddin, Adnan H Siddiqui, Jasmeet Singh, Elad I Levy, Michael Lang, Ramesh Grandhi, Ajith J Thomas, Li-Mei Lin, Omar Tanweer, Jan-Karl Burkhardt, Ajit S Puri, Bradley A Gross, Erez Nossek, Ameer E Hassan, Hamza A Shaikh, Brian T Jankowitz
Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery 2022 August 24

BACKGROUND: We report the largest multicenter experience to date of utilizing the Comaneci device for endovascular treatment of refractory intracranial vasospasm.

METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing Comaneci mechanical dilatation for vasospasm were extracted from prospectively maintained registries in 11 North American centers (2020-2022). Intra-arterial vasodilators (IAV) were allowed, with the Comaneci device utilized after absence of vessel dilation post-infusion. Pre- and post-vasospasm treatment scores were recorded for each segment, with primary radiological outcome of score improvement post-treatment. Primary clinical outcome was safety/device-related complications, with secondary endpoints of functional outcomes at last follow-up.

RESULTS: A total of 129 vessels in 40 patients (median age 52 years; 67.5% females) received mechanical dilation, 109 of which (84.5%) exhibited pre-treatment severe-to-critical vasospasm (ie, score 3/4). Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage was the most common etiology of vasospasm (85%), with 65% of procedures utilizing Comaneci-17 (92.5% of patients received IAV). The most treated segments were anterior cerebral artery (34.9%) and middle cerebral artery (31%). Significant vasospasm drop (pre-treatment score (3-4) to post-treatment (0-2)) was achieved in 89.9% of vessels (96.1% of vessels experienced ≥1-point drop in score post-treatment). There were no major procedural/post-procedural device-related complications. Primary failure (ie, vessel unresponsive) was encountered in one vessel (1 patient) (1/129; 0.8%) while secondary failure (ie, recurrence in previously treated segment requiring retreatment in another procedure) occurred in 16 vessels (7 patients) (16/129; 12.4%), with median time-to-retreatment of 2 days. Favorable clinical outcome (modified Rankin Scale 0-2) was noted in 51.5% of patients (median follow-up 6 months).

CONCLUSIONS: The Comaneci device provides a complementary strategy for treatment of refractory vasospasm with reasonable efficacy/favorable safety. Future prospective trials are warranted.

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