JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW
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Potential Clinical Applications for Continuous Ketone Monitoring in the Hospitalized Patient with Diabetes.

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, the authors discuss potential clinical applications for continuous ketone monitoring (CKM) in a broad continuum of clinical settings from pre-hospital care and the emergency department to acute inpatient management and post-discharge follow-up.

RECENT FINDINGS: Though in its early stages, the concept of a novel continuous ketone sensing technology exerts great potential for use in the detection and hospital management of DKA, namely to overcome diagnostic barriers associated with ketoacidosis in patients with diabetes and obtain real-time BOHB levels, which may be useful in understanding both patients' response to treatment and DKA trajectory. Peri- and intra-operative use of CKM technology can potentially be applied in a number of urgent and elective surgical procedures frequently underwent by patients with diabetes and in the observation of patients during peri-operative fasting. In transitional care management, CKM technology could potentially facilitate patients' safe transition through levels of care, following hospital discharge from a DKA episode. This evaluation of the literature presents the potential advantages of adopting CKM and integrating this technology into the care algorithm of patients at risk for ketoacidosis.

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