Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Analysis of Epinephrine Dose, Targeted Temperature Management, and Neurologic and Survival Outcomes Among Adults With Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.

JAMA Network Open 2022 August 2
IMPORTANCE: Epinephrine improves return of spontaneous circulation after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). These beneficial cardiac effects do not directly translate to better neurologic outcomes, possibly because of epinephrine-induced microvascular effects that produce critical brain ischemia.

OBJECTIVE: To examine whether targeted temperature management (TTM) modifies the adverse association between increasing prehospital epinephrine dose and neurologically favorable survival.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This retrospective cohort study assessed 14 612 adults from Seattle and King County, Washington, with nontraumatic OHCA between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2018, and included those who achieved return of spontaneous circulation and were unconscious at hospital admission. Data analysis was performed from April 2021 to May 2022.

EXPOSURES: Epinephrine dose and TTM during prehospital resuscitation.

MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Favorable neurologic survival (Cerebral Performance Category [CPC] 1 or 2) and survival to hospital discharge.

RESULTS: Of the 14 612 assessed adults, 5253 (median age, 63 years; IQR, 51-74 years; 3460 [65.8%] male) were eligible for the study. The median epinephrine dose was 2.0 mg (IQR, 1.0-3.0 mg); 3052 patients (58.1%) received TTM. In all, 1889 patients (36.0%) survived with CPC 1 to 2, and 2177 (41.4%) survived to discharge. Increasing doses of epinephrine were associated with a decreasing likelihood of CPC 1 to 2 (odds ratio [OR], 0.46; 95% CI 0.42-0.50 for each additional milligram of epinephrine) and survival (OR, 0.47; 95% CI, 0.43-0.51). The dose-dependent epinephrine association was modified by TTM. After adjusting for Utstein covariates, TTM was associated with a relative stepwise improvement in odds of CPC 1 to 2 (interaction OR, 1.36; 95% CI, 1.22-1.51) and survival (interaction OR, 1.37; 95% CI, 1.24-1.51). A significant interaction was also observed when the analysis was stratified according to initial rhythm among shockable OHCA and nonshockable OHCA (shockable interaction OR, 1.20; 95% CI, 1.04-1.39; and nonshockable interaction OR, 1.24, 95% CI, 1.07-1.45).

CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: This cohort study found an interaction between TTM and epinephrine dose such that the beneficial association of TTM increased with increasing epinephrine dose, suggesting that TTM may attenuate the adverse effects of higher-dose epinephrine.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app