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A comparative profile of total protein and six angiogenically-active growth factors in three platelet products.

Objectives: Platelet-derived products have been shown as promising novel therapeutic agents for chronic wounds. However, their clinical use requires a greater degree of method standardisation, part of which involved more extensive cataloguing of their biochemical composition. This study aimed to quantify and compare total protein and 6 angiogenically-active growth factors in three distinct platelet products.

Methods: Platelet Lysate (PL, n=5), Calcium-activated Platelet Rich Plasma (Ca-PRP, n=5) and Platelet-Rich Fibrin (PRF, n=5) were prepared from pooled platelet apheresis products (n=10). Ca-PRP and PRF were prepared from the same units (n=5) by activation with 20 mmolL-1 calcium chloride. PL was prepared from the remaining (n=5) units using an established lysate. Total protein was quantified with the Bradford Assay. Sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to quantify six growth factors: epidermal growth factor (EGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), stromal cell derived growth factor-1α (SDF-1α), endostatin, and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1).

Results: Protein retrieval differed significantly (p<0.05) between the three products: PL (11.35±0.80 mg/mL) < Ca-PRP (20.44±8.17 mg/mL) < PRF (40.67±3.13 mg/mL). Growth factor yield was considerable in all three products and differed significantly for: VEGF (PL<PRF); EGF (Ca-PRP<PRF); HFG (PL<Ca-PRP); Endostatin (PL<Ca-PRP, PRF<Ca-PRP, PL<PRF) and TGF-β1 (Ca-PRP<PL, Ca-PRP<PRF).

Conclusions: Platelet apheresis products contain a substantial quantity of the investigated pro- and anti-angiogenic growth factors. Their release varies depending on the manufacturing protocol used. Clinically, alternate products could thus be combined to provide a therapeutically optimal mix of growth factors.

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