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Pancreatic mucinous cystic neoplasms located in the distal pancreas: a multicenter study.

Gland Surgery 2022 May
Background: Mucinous cysts of the pancreas (MCN) are infrequent, usually unilocular tumors which occur in postmenopausal women and are located in the pancreatic body/tail. The risk of malignancy is low. The objective is to define preoperative risk factors of malignancy in pancreatic MCN and to assess the feasibility of the laparoscopic approach.

Methods: Retrospective multicenter observational study of prospectively recorded data regarding distal pancreatectomies was carried out at seven hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) Units between 01/01/08 and 31/12/18 (the ERPANDIS Project).

Results: Four hundred and forty-four distal pancreatectomies were recorded including 47 MCN (10.6%). Thirty-five were non-invasive tumors (74.5%). In all, 93% of patients were female, and 60% were ASA (American Society of Anaesthesiology) II. The mean preoperative size was 46 mm. Patients with invasive tumors were older (54 vs. 63 years). Invasive tumors were larger (6 vs. 4 cm), although the difference was not significant (P=0.287). Sixty percent was operated via laparoscopic approach, which was used in 74.6% of non-invasive tumors and in 16.7% of the invasive ones. The spleen was not preserved in 93.6% of the patients. R0 resection was obtained in all patients. Two patients with invasive tumors died.

Conclusions: In our surgical series of MCN, patients with malignancy were older and presented larger tumors, although the difference was not statistically significant. Laparoscopy is a safe and feasible approach for MCN. Prospective studies are now needed to define risk factors that can guide the decision whether to administer conservative treatment or to operate.

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