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What Do We Need to Know About Musculoskeletal Manifestations of COVID-19?: A Systematic Review.

JBJS Reviews 2022 June 2
»: COVID-19 is a disease that is challenging science, health-care systems, and humanity. An astonishingly wide spectrum of manifestations of multi-organ damage, including musculoskeletal, can be associated with SARS-CoV-2.

»: In the acute phase of COVID-19, fatigue, myalgia, and arthralgia are the most common musculoskeletal symptoms.

»: Post-COVID-19 syndrome is a group of signs and symptoms that are present for >12 weeks. The associated musculoskeletal manifestations are fatigue, arthralgia, myalgia, new-onset back pain, muscle weakness, and poor physical performance.

»: Data on COVID-19 complications are growing due to large absolute numbers of cases and survivors in these 2 years of the pandemic. Additional musculoskeletal manifestations encountered are falls by the elderly, increased mortality after hip fracture, reduced bone mineral density and osteoporosis, acute sarcopenia, rhabdomyolysis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, muscle denervation atrophy, fibromyalgia, rheumatological disease triggering, septic arthritis, adhesive capsulitis, myositis, critical illness myopathy, onset of latent muscular dystrophy, osteonecrosis, soft-tissue abscess, urticarial vasculitis with musculoskeletal manifestations, and necrotizing autoimmune myositis.

»: A wide range of signs and symptoms involving the musculoskeletal system that affect quality of life and can result in a decrease in disability-adjusted life years. This powerful and unpredictable disease highlights the importance of multimodality imaging, continuing education, and multidisciplinary team care to support preventive measures, diagnosis, and treatment.

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