Deep venous thrombosis of the leg: US findings

P T Appelman, T E De Jong, L E Lampmann
Radiology 1987, 163 (3): 743-6
In a prospective study, 121 consecutive patients with a clinical diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis of the leg were examined with real-time ultrasonography. The findings were correlated with the results of venography. The common femoral vein and the popliteal vein were evaluated for intraluminal echoes and compressibility, and the common femoral vein was also evaluated for an increase in diameter in response to the Valsalva maneuver. The superficial femoral vein and the calf veins were not evaluated. The results indicate that compressibility of the common femoral and popliteal veins is the best indication of deep venous thrombosis, with a sensitivity of 96% and a specificity of 97%. The accuracy of detection was not improved by including data from thrombus visualization or the response of the common femoral vein to the Valsalva maneuver.

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