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Cannabis arteritis: A case report and brief review of the literature.

Introduction: Cannabis is commonly misused psychoactive drug which is known to be associated with a number of psychotic and somatic side-effects. Cannabis arteritis is a rare vascular disorder, since only about fifty cases have been reported in the literature.

Case presentation: We report a case of a 40-year-old chronic cannabis user male, who was admitted for painful necrosis of the fifth toe of the right foot. The etiological investigation ruled out the main causes of juvenile arterial disease. Therefore cannabis was the only causative factor found in this patient. An amputation of the fifth toe was performed 20 days later of administrating Prostacyclin (Iloprost) , with a good postoperative improvement.

Discussion: The main causes of juvenile arterial disease are: atheromatous arterial disease, thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease) , systemic or autoimmune diseases. The diagnosis of cannabis arteritis remains a diagnosis of exclusion. it remains a rare phenomenon which is responsible for various symptoms, which can go as far as the amputation of the limb. Several authors have classified cannabis arteritis as a clinical form of Buerger's disease, due to similar clinical semiology and similar appearance at arteriography. Nowadays, we don't know exactly the histopathologic patterns of this pathology.

Conclusion: Although several therapeutic options exist, Cannabis weaning still the main part of cannabis arteritis treatment.

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