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Repair of the dorsal capsuloligamentous scapholunate septum during arthroscopic resection of painful dorsal wrist ganglion cyst: Comparative analysis of two techniques

J-B de Villeneuve Bargemon, C Prenaud, D Quérel, Y Bismuth, P-B de Keyzer, M Gras
Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation 2022, 41 (4): 457-462
We compared arthroscopic cyst resection (ACR) of dorsal ganglia of the wrist, either associated to reconstruction of the dorsal capsuloligamentous scapholunate septum (ACR-DCSS) in 66 cases in which the ganglia were painful on exertion, or isolated ACR in 15 pain-free cases. A single-center retrospective study analyzed data for the period April 2013 to May 2021. The main aim was to compare pre- and post-operative functional results (pain at rest (on a numerical rating scale: NRS), pain under effort (NRS), range of motion (°), grip strength (kg)) and recurrence rate between the two techniques. The study hypothesis was that DCSS repair improves recurrence of dorsal ganglion cyst and functional outcome. The ACR-DCSS group showed significant improvement in extension, pronation, supination, radial inclination, ulnar inclination, grip strength, pain at rest and pain on exertion. The ACR group showed significant improvement in pronation, ulnar inclination and pain on exertion. There was a significant difference in recurrence rate, in favor of ACR-DCSS. Recovery was also significantly better for the ACR-DCSS group in terms of extension, supination and pain at rest. Arthroscopic treatment of wrist ganglion cyst is a reliable, minimally invasive and reproducible technique that produces good results in terms of pain and recovery of range of motion, with significantly lower recurrence rate in case of DCSS repair. Level of evidence: Therapeutic III.

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