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Office Based Pediatric Urologic Procedures: A Safe and Effective Alternative to Interventions Under Anesthesia.

Urology 2022 August
OBJECTIVE: To report on our experience performing office-based pediatric urologic procedures. We hypothesize that office-based interventions are safe and effective for children, avoiding unnecessary risk and cost associated with general anesthesia.

METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients undergoing office-based interventions from 2014 to 2019, including lysis of penile or labial adhesions, division of skin bridges, meatotomy and excision of benign lesion. Success was defined as a completed attempt in the office. Failure includes any unsuccessful office attempts. Complications include 30-day ED visits/readmissions and recurrent skin bridge post division of skin bridge.

RESULTS: We identified 1326 interventions: 491 lyses of penile adhesions (37%), 320 division of skin bridges (24%), 128 lyses of labial adhesions (10%), 348 meatotomies (26%), and 39 excisions of benign lesions (3%) [Table 1]. There was a >95% success rate reported in every procedure with an overall complication rate of 0.6%. Excision of benign lesion had 100% success rate. ED visits within 30 days are rare (0.2%), and no patients required admission after their procedure [Table 2]. The rate of recurrence was highest following lysis of labial adhesions (13.3%). Of the 54 patients who underwent retreatment, very few required general anesthesia (n = 6).

CONCLUSION: Office-based urologic interventions in children are well tolerated with excellent safety and efficacy. Complications and recurrence are universally low. Ultimately, 99.5% of this cohort was managed under local anesthetics, thereby avoiding the risks of anesthesia use in the pediatric population.

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