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[Epiphysiodesis and hemiepiphysiodesis : Physeal arrest and guided growth for the lower extremity].

The principals of growth arrest by epiphysiodesis and growth guidance by hemiepiphysiodesis are effective and powerful surgical techniques in pediatric orthopedics. These procedures can be used to correct leg length discrepancies as well as sagittal, coronal and oblique deformities. A differentiation is made between temporary and permanent techniques. The most significant advantage is that these techniques are minimally invasive and have low complication rates compared to acute osteotomy and gradual deformity correction. For optimal outcome an exact preoperative planning is needed to ensure accurate timing of the procedure, especially when permanent epiphysiodesis techniques are used. Although epiphysiodesis and hemiepiphysiodesis around the pediatric knee are most frequently used and can be considered the gold standard treatment of coronal plane deformities and leg length discrepancies, novel techniques for the hip and ankle are increasingly being performed. The successful clinical results with low complications support the broad use of hemiepiphysiodesis and epiphysiodesis for a variety of indications in the growing skeleton with deformities and leg length differences.

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