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Hirschsprung disease and Paediatric Intestinal Pseudo-obstruction.

Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) and Paediatric Intestinal Pseudo-obstruction (PIPO) comprise two of the most recognized and severe disorders of gastrointestinal (GI) motility. HSCR is a developmental disorder of the enteric nervous system invariably affecting the large intestine, whereas the majority of PIPO conditions represent congenital disorders of one or more components of the neuromusculature and more diffusely affect the GI tract. Histopathology is deemed the gold standard for the diagnosis of HSCR and, arguably, of PIPO, but, other diagnostic modalities such as manometric and genetic studies have seen recent advances that may increase their utility. Especially for PIPO, management is multidisciplinary and best performed in specialist referral centres. Surgery remains the only viable treatment for HSCR and appears essential to optimize and sustain feeding and viability of intestinal function in PIPO patients. Novel therapies such as neural stem cell transplants show promise for the future.

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