CT of fibrous tissues and tumors with sonographic correlation.
Fibrous tissues and tumors may appear hyperdense relative to muscles and solid viscera on CT both before and after IV contrast injection. In addition, fibrous tissues generally have a homogeneously hypoechoic sonographic appearance. The diagnostic value of these criteria is illustrated in a group of 21 fibrous tissue abnormalities that includes retroperitoneal, mediastinal, and perigraft fibrosis, sclerosing pseudotumor of the orbit, generalized fibromatosis, desmoids, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, and normal tendons and ligaments. It is concluded that while hyperdensity on CT and echopenia on sonography are not pathognomonic of fibrous tissue, they occur with sufficient frequency that their presence raises the possibility of a fibrous lesion.
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