Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Lethal destructive sinusopathy due to amphotericin B-resistant Aspergillus flavus: A case report.

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of pulmonary aspergillosis and the importance of its early diagnosis are recognized. However, non-pulmonary involvement, including the sinuses region, is not frequently reported, and an infection in this area can affect all paranasal sinuses (pansinusopathy), being a rare pathology that affects immunocompromised hosts. Recent studies have highlighted the occurrence of Aspergillus flavus resistant to antifungal therapy. Therefore, a nasal sinus infection by resistant Aspergillus strains in immunocompromised patients may be linked to a high risk of lethality.

CASE REPORT: We are reporting a resistant A. flavus infection in an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipient with episodes of febrile neutropenia, and prolonged use of various antibacterial drugs and antifungal prophylaxis. The patient underwent brain magnetic resonance, which showed the presence of pansinusopathy, and presented necrosis in the left nasal region. Direct microscopic examination of a sample taken from the nasal mucosa revealed the presence of septate hyphae and conidiophores resembling those of A. flavus, that species being the identification achieved with MALDI-TOF MS. Antifungigram was performed by microdilution in broth (EUCAST-E.DEF. 9.3.2) and E-test, and resistance to amphotericin B was shown in both tests. The patient died after septic shock and hemorrhage.

CONCLUSIONS: Invasive fungal infections due to amphotericin-B resistant A. flavus may lead to the death of the patient due to an ineffective therapeutic management. Therefore, antifungal susceptibility testing are of utmost importance for administering the proper treatment.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app