Oophorectomy for ovarian torsion - should this be abandoned?

Pei Qian Soh, Claudia Cheng, Charlotte Reddington, Uri P Dior, Martin Healey
Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology 2022 March 4

BACKGROUND: Management of ovarian torsion ranges from de-torsion to oophorectomy and is dependent on various factors. Oophorectomy can have significant implications for fertility and general health, thus requiring careful consideration.

AIMS: We evaluate the management of ovarian torsion at a tertiary hospital over a ten-year period and identify the predictors of oophorectomy in ovarian torsion cases.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Inpatient notes of patients who underwent surgical management for acute ovarian torsion at a tertiary hospital in Victoria, Australia, were reviewed, from January 2008 to June 2018. We reported the incidence and predictors of oophorectomy and ovarian ischaemia and current practices in oophoropexy.

RESULTS: Our analysis included 159 patients. The incidence of oophorectomy was 47%. After confounders were adjusted, increasing age was the only significant predictor for oophorectomy. The adjusted odds ratio of having an oophorectomy based on age alone was 1.10 for each year increase in age between the ages of 15 and 68 (P = 0.001, 95% confidence interval 1.04-1.16). Of those with oophorectomy, 57% had ischaemia confirmed histologically. There were no significant predictors for ischaemia.

CONCLUSION: The incidence of oophorectomy in this audit is comparable to reported incidences in current literature. However, with increasing evidence to support ongoing ovarian function even in cases where ischaemia is histologically confirmed, this incidence could be lowered. Age was the only variable that was found to have a significant effect on the incidence of oophorectomy.

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