CASE REPORTS
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Challenges of remote consultations: a delayed diagnosis of aortic valve endocarditis complicated by recurrent intracranial events.

BMJ Case Reports 2022 Februrary 29
Embolic events causing stroke and intracranial haemorrhage are among the most catastrophic complications of infective endocarditis (IE).A female patient presented with acute unilateral weakness following a 3-month history of fever, for which she had multiple remote consultations with her general practitioner. A brain MRI confirmed a left sided infarct with haemorrhagic transformation. Blood cultures grew Streptococcus mitis and her cardiac imaging showed an aortic valve vegetation with severe aortic regurgitation. Following 2 weeks of antibiotics she developed a new cerebral haemorrhage associated with a mycotic aneurysm which was treated with two coils. After discussions within the multidisciplinary meeting, she underwent aortic valve replacement 3 weeks later. She made a remarkable recovery and was discharged.Our case highlights the importance of face-to-face clinical review in the post-COVID era. It stresses that the management of patients with infective endocarditis and neurological complications is challenging and requires a multidisciplinary approach.

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