SYSTEMATIC REVIEW
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Angiotensin Receptor Blockers vs. Beta-Blocker Therapy for Marfan Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

OBJECTIVE: Several RCTs have been conducted to assess the efficacy and safety of angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) and beta-blocker (BB) therapy for Marfan syndrome (MFS), but the existing evidence is limited and conflicting. This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of different therapies.

METHODS: The PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases were electronically searched up to March 2021 to retrieve randomized controlled trials regarding the efficacy and safety of ARB-related (including ARB-only and ARB+BB treatment) and BB-only treatment for treating patients with MFS. The revised risk-of-bias tool was used for quality assessment. The odds ratio (OR) and standard mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to estimate the pooled effect size.

RESULTS: Fourteen reports of 9 trials involving 1,449 patients were included in the meta-analysis. Regarding aortic root dilation, the ARB-related regimen has efficacy comparable with that of the BB-only regimen in patients with MFS (pooled SMD = -0.16, 95% CI [-0.33; 0.01]; P = 0.06), while in the ARB+BB vs. BB-only subgroup, a significant difference was observed (pooled SMD = -0.26; 95% CI [-0.40; -0.11]; P < 0.01). In addition, there were no significant differences in other aortic dilation-related measures (aortic root Z scores, ascending aorta, pulmonary artery, aortic annulus, sinotubular junction, aortic arch, thoracic aorta, and abdominal aorta diameter change) or cardiovascular events (aortic dissection, aortic surgery, and death) between the 2 regimens.

CONCLUSION: Our results showed that the clinical efficacy of ARB-only therapy is not inferior to that of BB-only therapy. Moreover, ARB+BB therapy showed superior therapeutic effects without significant adverse effects.

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