Uniportal Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery in a Pediatric Hospital: Early Results and Review of the Literature

Sara Ugolini, Riccardo Coletta, Roberto Lo Piccolo, Fabio Dell'Otto, Luca Voltolini, Alessandro Gonfiotti, Antonino Morabito
Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A 2022 January 6
Background: Uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (U-VATS) is an implemented technique in adult surgery that may aid to extend offer the benefits of thoracoscopy to a wide number of pediatric patients. Materials and Methods: Consecutive cases treated between July 2019 and July 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Simultaneously, a MEDLINE systematic search was conducted. Results: Twelve patients (median age 13 years, median weight 44.5 kg) underwent 4 major procedures ( n  = 2 lobectomy, n  = 2 segmentectomy) and 11 minor procedures ( n  = 1 bronchogenic cyst resection, n  = 4 apical wedge resections and pleurodesis for pneumothorax, n  = 4 wedge resections for lung nodules, and n  = 2 debridement for empyema). The median observed operative time was 77 minutes. We recorded one conversion to biportal VATS. No intraoperative complications or 30-day morbidity-mortality was reported. A rate of 40% adverse postoperative events was observed (Clavien-Dindo grade I-IVa). Visual analog scale for postoperative pain recorded a median value of 0 on days 1, 2, and 3. The systematic review provided 15 full-text articles reporting 76 pediatric interventions (4 major and 72 minor procedures); among them, 1 biportal conversion, 3 mild postoperative complications, and 1 redo surgery are presented. Conclusions: As emerged from the literature review, U-VATS remains scarcely adopted by pediatric surgeons. Its feasibility is supported by the four reported major lung resections plus the four cases added on by our series. Thanks to a more rapid learning curve over conventional VATS, the uniportal technique could be accessible to a wider number of centers.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.