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Concurrent Inguinal Hernia Repair During Robot-Assisted Transperitoneal Radical Prostatectomy: Single Center Experience.

Objective: To evaluate outcomes of concurrent inguinal hernia (IH) repair with mesh during transperitoneal robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP).

Material and Methods: Data of 26 patients (31 procedures) undergoing IH repair concurrently with RARP between January 2017 and January 2020 were evaluated retrospectively. Patients' demographics, intraoperative and postoperative variables were recorded. Patients were assessed based on prostate-specific antigen recurrence, IH recurrence, mesh infection, seroma formation and groin pain quarterly in the first year, and every six month thereafter.

Results: The median age was 64.5 years in our population. IH was detected preoperatively in 46.2% of patients (n = 12) and intraoperatively in 53.8% (n = 14). Twenty-one (80.8%) patients (11 of them had right IH and 10 of them had left IH) had unilateral hernias and 5 patients (19.2%) had bilateral hernias. Twenty-three (88.4%) IHs were direct, three (11.6%) were indirect. The median operative time and estimated blood loss were 192.5 (range: 140-250) min and 100 (range: 10-170) mL, respectively. The median duration of IH repair, time of drainage, length of hospitalization, and catheterization were 32.5 (range: 14-40) min. 2 (range: 2-6) days, 6 (range: 5-8) days and 7 (range: 5-7) days, respectively. No perioperative complication due to RARP or IH repair was observed. During a median follow-up time was 18 months, no scrotal hematoma, seroma formation or mesh infection was identified.

Conclusion: IH repair performed during the same session at RARP is a safe and applicable procedure.

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