JOURNAL ARTICLE

Accelerated Idioventricular Rhythm Following Intraoral Local Anesthetic Injection During General Anesthesia

Kenichi Sato, Yoshihisa Miyamae, Miwako Kan, Shu Sato, Motoi Yaegashi, Wakana Sakanoue, Hiroyuki Sakai, Souhei Sakamoto, Kazuki Vaba
Anesthesia Progress 2021 December 1, 68 (4): 230-234
34911065
Some anesthetic agents or adjunct medications administered during general anesthesia can cause an accelerated idioventricular rhythm (AIVR), which is associated with higher vagal tone and lower sympathetic activity. We encountered AIVR induced by vagal response to injection-related pain following local anesthetic infiltration into the oral mucosa during general anesthesia. A 48-year-old woman underwent extraction of a residual tooth root from the left maxillary sinus under general anesthesia. Routine preoperative electrocardiogram (ECG) was otherwise normal. Eight milliliters of 1% lidocaine (80 mg) with 1:100,000 epinephrine (80 μg) was infiltrated around the left maxillary molars over 20 seconds using a 23-gauge needle and firm pressure. Widened QRS complexes consistent with AIVR were observed for ∼60 seconds, followed by an atrioventricular junctional rhythm and the return of normal sinus rhythm. A cardiology consultation and 12-lead ECG in the operating room produced no additional concerns, so the operation continued with no complications. AIVR was presumably caused by activation of the trigeminocardiac reflex triggered by intense pain following rapid local anesthetic infiltration with a large gauge needle and firm pressure. Administration of local anesthetic should be performed cautiously when using a large gauge needle and avoid excessive pressure.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
34911065
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.