Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Tibial Tuberosity-Trochlear Groove Distance and Its Components in Patients with and without Episodic Patellar Dislocation: A Study of 781 Knees.

BACKGROUND: The purposes of the present study were (1) to measure the tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove distance and its components with the knee in extension, (2) to determine their diagnostic performance in distinguishing between patients with and without episodic patellar dislocation, and (3) to investigate the relationship of each component to the total tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove distance.

METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed computed tomography (CT) images of the knee joint in a group of patients with episodic patellar dislocation and a group of control subjects who were treated for another type of knee disorder in our institution between 2015 and 2021. Tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove distance, tibial tubercle lateralization, trochlear groove medialization, and knee rotation were measured on axial images. Partial correlation analysis of the measured parameters was performed after adjusting for remaining variables. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and the areas under the ROC curves (AUCs) were assessed to assess the diagnostic accuracy. A subgroup analysis based on femoral trochlear dysplasia classification was also performed.

RESULTS: After screening of 653 patients (947 knees) in our hospital's patient registry, a total of 521 patients (781 knees) were analyzed, including 541 knees (69.3%) with episodic patellar dislocation and 240 knees (30.7%) without episodic patellar dislocation (control group). The tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove distance demonstrated the best diagnostic performance, with the AUC being significantly better than that for other parameters (p < 0.001). The tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove distance was moderately to strongly correlated with knee rotation and trochlear groove medialization in the control and episodic patellar dislocation groups (p < 0.001). However, tibial tubercle lateralization showed a weak correlation with the tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove distance in the control group and moderate correlation in the episodic patellar dislocation group (p < 0.001). Knees with a type-D femoral trochlea had a significantly greater tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove distance than those with a type-A, B, or C femoral trochlea (p ≤ 0.011).

CONCLUSIONS: Tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove distance, a reliable predictor of episodic patellar dislocation, was affected more by knee rotation and trochlear groove medialization and was less affected by tibial tubercle lateralization, and it increased with an increasing grade of femoral trochlear dysplasia. The correlation of the tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove distance and its components as noted in the current study will help to achieve a better understanding of the tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove distance.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Prognostic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app