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Epidemiology of candidemia in NICE area, France: A five-year study of antifungal susceptibility and mortality.

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of candidemia, the fungal susceptibility, the first-line therapy and the morality rate over 5 years. Knowing the differences of the yeasts in the candidemia local epidemiology, is essential to obtain information on fungal epidemiology to adapt antifungal strategies.

MATERIALS/METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted from January 2014 to December 2018. The susceptibility of the Candida strains were tested for amphotericin B, caspofungin, voriconazole and fluconazole.

RESULTS: The 304 strains were isolated from 290 patients (40 patients in 2014, 65 in 2015, 72 in 2016, 62 in 2017 and 51 in 2018). The three most common Candida spp isolated from blood cultures were Candida albicans (44%), Candida glabrata (22%) and Candida parapsilosis (13%). The proportion of non-albicans Candida decreased from 68% in 2014 to 45% in 2018. C. albicans and C. parapsilosis were to the four antifungals tested. As first-line therapy, 60% of patients received caspofungin and 26% fluconazole. There was no significant difference in the mortality between the two arms of patients (, 27% and 21%, p = 0.47 at 30 days respectively). Thirty day all-cause mortality was 31% and it decreased from 2014 (46%) to 2018 (18%).

CONCLUSIONS: We report that the absence of antifungal resistance of our C. albicans and C. parapsilosis candidemia suggests possible treatment after MALDI-TOF identification with fluconazole as first-line therapy in our hospital, as soon as possible and while continuing to perform the antifungal test.

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