JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Management of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps in Samter triad by low-dose ASA desensitization or dupilumab.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 October 9
ABSTRACT: Samter triad is a chronic condition where patients suffer from intolerance to aspirin, recurring nasal polyposis and bronchial asthma. Causative treatment is often hard. Potential approaches are the daily intake of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), shunting arachidonic acid into the lipoxygenase pathway, and a subsequent habituation to this constant inflammatory stimulus. Alternatively, the paramount interleukins 4 and 13 may be antagonized by the monoclonal antibody dupilumab. Hence, we evaluated the daily intake of 100 mg ASA and systemic dupilumab (300 mg s.c. every 2 weeks) therapy in refractory patients for its efficacy and compliance.We conducted a retrospective chart review for the efficacy and compliance of both continuous ASA desensitization and systemic dupilumab therapy for refractory patients.Thirty-one patients were included in this retrospective chart review, mean follow-up was 20.4 ± 15.7 months. All patients underwent ASA desensitization. Twenty-one patients had eventually discontinued therapy after 5.8 ± 4.5 months; 11 for its side effects, 12 for its inefficacy. Twenty patients developed sinunasal complaints soon thereafter. Ten patients were still undergoing desensitization (mean duration 15.3 ± 15.7 months). These patients had a higher prevalence of concomitant anti-asthmatic medication. Seventeen refractory patients underwent systemic dupilumab therapy. After 6.4 ± 2.7 months of treatment, sinunasal outcome test (68.1 ± 13.9 vs 20.1 ± 13.9) and visual analogue scales of overall complaints (8.7 ± 0.9 vs 2.2 ± 1.5) as well as endoscopic findings and olfactory function (brief smell identification test; 3.5 ± 2.6 vs 8.6 ± 2.4) all improved significantly.A considerable number of patients with Samter triad discontinued ASA desensitization, equally for ineffectiveness or side effects. If desensitization is to be effective, special care needs to be taken in respect to concomitant anti-asthmatic medication. Dupilumab is highly effective and safe in treating refractory patients.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app