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Does the Type of Surgical Technique and the Use of Prophylactic Antibiotics Affect the Clinical Results in Symptomatic Ingrown Toenail Patients?

Ingrown toenails are a common reason for referral to orthopedics and podiatry clinics. Recurrence and infection are common complications in ingrown toenail surgery. This study investigates the effect of an electrocautery matrixectomy on the recurrence and clinical outcomes in the Winograd technique applied in ingrown toenail surgery and whether prophylactic antibiotic use is necessary for these surgeries. One hundred forty-three patients who underwent surgery for ingrown toenails were analyzed retrospectively. Eighty-two patients underwent the Winograd procedure with electrocautery matrixectomy, whereas 61 patients underwent the Winograd procedure. While 78 patients were given prophylactic antibiotics, 65 patients were not. Patient satisfaction was evaluated with a surgical satisfaction questionnaire (SSQ). A visual analog score was used to evaluate the pain. Recurrence was observed in 3 toenails in the Winograd and electrocautery groups, while recurrence was observed in 9 toenails in the Winograd group ( P  = .018). In both groups, there was no statistically significant difference between the infection rates between patients who took antibiotics and those who did not ( P  > .05). There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of SSQ scores ( P  > .05). It was observed that the surgery performed had a positive effect on pain, and this effect was statistically highly significant in both groups ( P  < .05). The outcomes of the present study suggest that the addition of an electrocautery matrixectomy to the Winograd technique in the surgical treatment of symptomatic Ingrown toenails may decrease recurrence rates. Additionally, this study showed that oral antibiotics, when used in addition to Ingrown toenail surgery, do not reduce postoperative morbidity.

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