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Vaping, lung injury, and mental health Minnesota 2018-2019.

Minnesota Medicine 2021 January 6
This report describes and contextualizes the high prevalence of mental health conditions (MHC) among Minnesota 2019 EVALI patients by examining the prevalence of MHC and associations between MHC and e-cigarette or vaping product (EVP) use in Minnesota population surveys. Investigators reviewed medical records for 140 EVALI patients to determine history of MHC. History of MHC and EVP use in the general population was estimated using self-reported measures and screening tools from two population-based surveys, the 2019 Minnesota Student Survey (MSS) and the 2018 Minnesota Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (MN-BRFSS). Some 64.3% of EVALI patients had an MHC. In both Minnesota population surveys, MHCs were common among people who used EVP. The odds of MHC among youth aged <18 were higher among those who reported current EVP use compared with those did not report EVP use. Similarly, the odds of depression were higher among adults who reported current EVP use compared with those who did not. Clinicians treating patients with EVALI should consider evaluating the need for, and providing indicated referrals to, post-discharge mental health services for their patients.

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