JOURNAL ARTICLE

Chelation in metal intoxication. XXV: Mercaptoacrylic acids as antidotes of lead and nickel toxicity

B L Sharma, S Khandelwal, D N Kachru, S Singh, S K Tandon
Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 1987, 45 (3): 295-302
3437597
beta-1,2-Phenylene di-alpha-mercaptoacrylic acid (1,2-PDMA), beta-1,4-phenylene di-alpha-mercaptoacrylic acid (1,4-PDMA) and alpha-mercapto-beta-(2-hydroxyphenyl) acrylic acid (MHA) were synthesized and compared with 2,3-dimercapto-propane-1-sulfonate (DMPS) for their ability to counteract toxic effects of lead and nickel in rats. 1,2-PDMA and DMPS were most effective in enhancing the excretion of metals, restoring most of the metal induced biochemical alterations and reducing the body burden of the metals; These observations confirm that the chelating agents with two adjacent sulfhydryl groups are better than those with non-adjacent SH groups as metal antidotes. The success of MHA in mobilizing the tissue metals and increasing their urinary excretion indicates participation of the hydroxy group on the benzene nucleus besides the SH group of the MHA molecule, in chelation of the metals.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
3437597
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"