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The impact of botulinum injection for hospitalized children with Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis.

INTRODUCTION: Stasis from obstruction at the level of the internal anal sphincter (IAS) can lead to Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis (HAEC) and may be improved by botulinum toxin (BT) injections. Our aim was to determine if BT injection during HAEC episodes decreased the number of recurrent HAEC episodes and/or increased the interval between readmissions.

METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients admitted for HAEC from January 2010 to December 2019. Demographics and outcomes of patients who received BT were compared to patients who did not receive BT during their hospital stay.

RESULTS: A total of 120 episodes of HAEC occurred in 40 patients; 30 patients (75%) were male, 7 (18%) had Trisomy 21 and 10 (25%) had long-segment disease. On multivariate analysis, patients who received BT during their inpatient HAEC episode had a longer median time between readmissions (p = 0.04) and trending toward an association with fewer readmissions prior to a follow-up clinic visit (p = 0.08).

CONCLUSION: The use of BT in HD patients hospitalized for HAEC is associated with an increased time between recurrent HAEC episodes and trended toward fewer recurrent episodes. The use of BT should be considered in the management of patients admitted with HAEC.

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