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[Axial deformities of the lower extremity in the frontal plane : From physiological development to pathological and possible long-term consequences].

Der Orthopäde 2021 July
BACKGROUND: From birth to the end of growth, leg axes undergo physiological changes. Congenital, idiopathic or secondary deformities of the lower extremities are considered as a pre-arthrosis. A detailed clinical examination is of primary importance. On the basis of the established preventive examinations, predominantly asymptomatic deformities can be distinguished from age-typical physiological axis deviations at an early stage.

THERAPY: There is a variety of conservative and surgical therapy options. In most cases, the spontaneous course of development can be waited for, depending on the deformity and the associated restrictions. It is important to recognize the right time for an intervention. Usually, surgical interventions are necessary, including guided growth by permanent and partial arrest of the growth plate or osteotomies. The aim is to restore the anatomical axial alignment and thus prevent the development of osteoarthritis. A missed intervention often leads to an early endoprosthetic replacement in adulthood.

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