JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Suppurative keloids: a complication of severe keloid disease.

BACKGROUND: Some keloids show cystic cavities that give rise to acute inflammatory flares and oozing. These suppurative keloids (SK) have rarely been systematically studied. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to evaluate SK frequency and its risk factors. We also reviewed microbiological analyses as well as the histological features of removed SKs.

METHODS: Between July 1, 2015, and September 30, 2016, all adult patients attending a specialized keloid clinic were asked to participate. Clinical information and microbiological results were extracted from each patient's file. Histological features were observed and interpreted.

RESULTS: In this study, we observed an SK rate of 26% for a mean keloid history of 17.2 years. Male gender, African ancestry, and a family history of keloids were significantly associated with suppuration. Microbiological examination revealed commensal skin flora 7/9 (77.8%), Staphylococcus aureus 1/9 (11.1%), and Enterococcus faecalis 1/9 (11.1%).

CONCLUSION: Suppuration is a common complication of keloids occurring in patients with severe keloid disease and may arise from pilosebaceous occlusion and aseptic inflammation.

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