JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Gastro-oesophageal reflux and intestinal malrotation in children.

In a series of 74 children undergoing Nissen fundoplication for persistent gastro-oesophageal reflux unresponsive to intensive medical treatment, there was an unexpectedly high incidence (54 per cent, n = 40) of intestinal malrotation. The series was not homogeneous, 25 of the children having reflux as a complication of a serious congenital abnormality (48 per cent incidence of intestinal malrotation), and 49 presenting with 'idiopathic' reflux (57 per cent incidence of intestinal malrotation). Intestinal malrotation is best detected pre-operatively by careful barium radiology, requiring clinicians to be aware of the association. In our experience, in children over the age of 3 months, both an antireflux operation and Ladd's procedure are often necessary to stop gastro-oesophageal reflux when an intestinal malrotation is present.

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