Giant bilateral angiomyolipoma of the kidney

R Bhatia, L Bains, P Lal, G Bhagria
Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England 2021 May 6
Angiomyolipoma is a benign solid renal neoplasm. A giant angiomyolipoma is more than 10cm by size, but it can grow to huge proportions. Our case appears to be the third largest angiomyolipoma and the largest among bilateral giant renal angiomyolipoma in the indexed literature. A 26-year-old man presented with large right abdominal swelling for the past three years, which was occupying his right flank and iliac region, extending beyond the midline. Computed tomography of the abdomen revealed a large well-defined mass in the right side of the abdomen, crossing the midline and measuring 35 × 20 × 12cm. The left kidney showed a similar fatty lesion of 14 × 6cm. The findings were consistent with angiomyolipoma. Further evaluation for tuberous sclerosis by magnetic resonance imaging the brain demonstrated multiple subependymal nodules. Giant renal angiomyolipoma is an uncommon tumour with bilateral giant angiomyolipoma being a rare entity. Preoperative embolisation helps in reducing size of the tumour. In case of giant and bilateral angiomyolipoma, evaluation for tuberous sclerosis should always be done.

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