JOURNAL ARTICLE

Diagnostic value of MDCT in determining the perinephric fat tissue and renal sinus invasion in patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma

L Damgaci, H Ozer, G Rona
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2021, 24 (4): 489-495
33851669

Aims: To investigate the accuracy of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) findings, and the effect of tumor volume in determining the perinephric and renal sinus invasion in clear cell renal cell carcinomas (ccRCCs).

Method: Fifty patients with ccRCCs underwent non-contrast and nephrographic-phase contrast-enhanced MDCT examination before total nephrectomy. The following MDCT features were used to diagnose perinephric fat tissue invasion: perinephric stranding, perinephric vascularity, and irregular contour. The following MDCT features were used to diagnose renal sinus fat invasion: elongation of tumor into renal sinus, invasion, or compression of pelvicalyceal system. Histopathologic examinations were used as a gold standard.

Results: Fourteen out of 50 ccRCCs patients (28%) had histopathological-proven perinephric fat tissue invasion. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy of MDCT in the detection of perinephric fat tissue invasion were found 64%, 58%, 38%, 80%, and 60%, respectively. Seven out of 50 ccRCCs patient (14%) had histopathological-proven renal sinus invasion. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy of MDCT in the detection of renal sinus invasion were found 85%, 65%, 28%, 96%, and 68%, respectively. The area under of curve (AUC) value of tumor volume in the detection of perinephric fat invasion was 0.631. The AUC value of tumor volume in the detection of renal sinus invasion was 0.803.

Conclusion: MDCT has a good sensitivity for detection of renal sinus fat invasion, but low PPV and specificity in patients with ccRCC. Tumor volume, and invasion into the pelvicalyceal structures can aid in the diagnosis of renal sinus fat invasion preoperatively.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
33851669
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"