Outcomes of Laparoscopic Versus Open Resection of Meckel's Diverticulum

Nicholas J Skertich, Martha-Conley Ingram, Miles W Grunvald, Michael D Williams, Ethan Ritz, Ami N Shah, Mehul V Raval
Journal of Surgical Research 2021, 264: 362-367

BACKGROUND: Meckel's Diverticulum (MD) is a common congenital anomaly accounting for half of pediatric gastrointestinal bleeds. No large-scale studies exist comparing open and laparoscopic surgery and conversion rates remain high. We sought to compare postoperative outcomes associated with each approach and to determine risk factors for conversion.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: NSQIP-Pediatric was used to identify patients who underwent a MD resection from 2012 to 2018. Outcomes between patients treated with a laparoscopic versus open versus laparoscopic converted to open (LCO) surgery were compared. Chi-square tests and adjusted logistic regression analysis were used to determine significance and factors associated with conversion.

RESULTS: Six hundred eighty-one patients were identified, 295 (43.3%) underwent open, 267 (39.2%) laparoscopic, and 119 (17.5%) LCO resection. Patients undergoing laparoscopic compared to open procedures had shorter length of stay (LOS; 3 versus 4, P= 0.009), and similar morbidities (10.5% versus 16.6%, P= 0.164) and operative times (71.6 versus 76.6 mins, P= 0.449) on adjusted analysis. Patients with LCO compared to open procedures had similar LOS (4 versus 4, P= 0.334) and morbidities (14.3% versus 16.6%, P= 0.358), but longer operative times (90.1 versus 76.6 mins, P= 0.002) on adjusted analysis. Patients with laparoscopic and LCO procedures had fewer unplanned intubations compared to open procedures (0.0% versus 0.0% versus 2.4%, P= 0.011) and lower mortality (0.0% versus 0.0% versus 1.7%, P= 0.046) on univariate analysis.

CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic MD resection has shorter LOS and similar complications and operative time compared to an open approach while LCO resection increases operative time but not LOS or morbidities.

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