JOURNAL ARTICLE

Genetic and Epigenetic Biomarkers For Diagnosis, Prognosis and Treatment Of Metabolic Syndrome

Rosaria V Giglio, Anca P Stoian, Angelo M Patti, Ali A Rizvi, Vasily Sukhorukov, Marcello Ciaccio, Alexander Orekhov, Manfredi Rizzo
Current Pharmaceutical Design 2021 April 12
33845722

BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is a clinical condition that deserves special attention because it puts the individual at high cardiovascular risk, especially heart attack and stroke. Considering the precision medicine, it would be advisable to valuate the individual cardio-metabolic risk by estimating the coesistence of risk factors (abdominal obesity, low level of High- Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol, High Triglycerides, and small dense Low-Density Lipoproteins sub-classes, hypertension, and elevated fasting glycemia), which could engrave on metabolism increasing cardiovascular mortality.

OBJECTIVE: To identify genetic and epigenetic biomarkers may assist in the possibility of helping follow-up strategies and other measures of prevention, and in metabolic risk.

METHODS: We searched for studies which valued the combination between epigenetic biomarkers and all factors of cardio-metabolic risk.

RESULTS: Numerous researches have investigated the molecular start of metabolic alterations, focusing on the epigenetic mark, as methylation of DNA, histone modifications and non.coding RNAs. It has been found that DNA methylation is the most searched epigenetic sign in the human genome concerning the control of gene expression.

CONCLUSION: For the screening, diagnosis, and prognosis of metabolic syndrome and the prescription of personalized medicine, the DNA methylation biomarkers specify for subjects have been recognized as an ensuring tool. While these results are promising, further investigations are needed to unravel the complicated synergic association of the genome, epigenome and the situations related to metabolic pathology.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
33845722
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"