Solid variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma: An analysis of 28 cases with current literature

Çiğdem Vural, Umay Kiraz, Gupse Turan, Sevgiye Kaçar Özkara, Mehmet Sözen, Berrin Çetinarslan
Annals of Diagnostic Pathology 2021 March 31, 52: 151737

INTRODUCTION: Solid variant papillary thyroid cancer (SVPTC) is a rare variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and its prognostic value is still unclear. Therefore, we re-evaluate the histopathological and clinicopathological features of 28 patients with SVPTC in the light of current literature.

MATERIAL-METHODS: Of the 1308 cases were previously diagnosed with PTC and 28 (2,1%) of them which had been diagnosed with SVPTC were re-evaluated retrospectively.

RESULTS: Of the 28 patients with SVPTC, 85.7% were female, mean age was 45.18 years and mean tumor diameter was 2.96 cm. Microscopically; tumors had a solid growth pattern amounting to at least 50.0% of the tumor volume. In all cases the tumor cells had characteristic nuclear features of conventional PTC. 11 patients had multifocal tumors, extrathyroidal extension was present in 4 patients and vascular invasion was observed in 7 cases. Regional lymph node metastases were noted in 2 (7.1%) cases at the time of diagnosis. One patient died because of locally advanced disease. Another patient is alive with lung metastases after 48 months from the initial surgery. There was no evidence of local recurrence in other patient.

CONCLUSIONS: SVPTC is a rare variant of PTC that should be considered in the differential diagnosis of tumors which show a solid/trabecular growth pattern in the thyroid. It has poor prognostic features such as widespread angioinvasion, extrathyroidal extention, lymph node metastasis, and distant organ metastasis. Multicenter studies involving large number of cases are needed to reveal the prognostic significance of SVPTC, with standardized diagnostic criteria.

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