Serum LRG1 as a novel biomarker for cardioembolic stroke

Meng Zhang, Yuan Wang, Jing Wang, Xuening Li, Aijun Ma, Xudong Pan
Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry 2021 April 7

BACKGROUND: In recent years, LRG1 was found to be closely related to atrial fibrillation, heart failure, and myocardial remodeling after myocardial infarction. While its role in cerebral infarction was still controversial. We aimed to explore the value of LRG1 to identify the cardioembolic stroke.

METHODS: 283 acute ischemic stroke(AIS) patients and 169 controls were enrolled. The AIS patients were divided into a CE(cardiogenic embolism) group and a non-CE group. Serum LRG1 levels were quantified by ELISA.

RESULTS: The serum LRG1 levels were decreased in the AIS patients. CE group had higher serum LRG1 levels than the non-CE group. LRG1 was an independent risk factor for cardioembolic stroke. The area under the curve (AUC) was 0.768 with a sensitivity of 72.5% and specificity of 69.5%, which was not second to BNP and LAD. The combined predictive model we designed, including LRG1, BNP, and LAD, greatly improved the prediction effect. A positive correlation was shown between LRG1 and stroke severity in the CE group. Those who experienced poor outcomes had higher serum LRG1 levels compared with good ones.

CONCLUSION: Serum LRG1 was a promising indicator to predict cardioembolic stroke, as well as stroke severity and the 3-month prognosis of it.

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