Six-year clinical outcomes of implant-supported acrylic vs. ceramic superstructures according to the All-on-4 treatment concept for the rehabilitation of the edentulous maxilla

Mustafa Ayna, Fatih Karayürek, Søren Jepsen, Marie Emmert, Yahya Acil, Jörg Wiltfang, Aydin Gülses
Odontology 2021 April 10
The aim of the current study was to document the long-term clinical results of the use of two prosthetic techniques for the rehabilitation of completely edentulous maxillae according to the "All-on-Four" concept: Fixed, screw-retained prosthesis mounted on a chrome-molybdenum framework with (1) metal-ceramic veneers and (2) Acrylic prosthesis with acrylic resin prosthetic teeth. A total of 34 patients were assigned to subgroups according to their own preference of the superstructure type (ceramics [n: 17] or acrylic resin [n: 17]). Prosthetic complications, marginal bone loss, plaque accumulation, bleeding on probing, bite force and oral-health-related quality of life were assessed over a period of 6 years. Marginal bone loss around implants of the ceramic group remained well within the limits for 'success', as defined by the 2007 Pisa consensus over the time (1.43 ± 0.35 mm). However, marginal bone loss was significantly more pronounced around the implants in the acrylic group (2.15 ± 0.30) and the difference between two groups was statistically significant (p: 0.00). Bleeding on probing and plaque accumulation showed also positive correlation with marginal bone loss. Both acrylic and ceramic suprastructures appeared to be equivalent after 6 years; however, ceramic suprastructures revealed superior clinical results in terms of bone loss and plaque accumulation. Current study determines the long-term clinical outcomes of different prosthetic management alternatives in All-on-Four and aids to increase dental professionals' ability to meet the patients' expectations.

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