JOURNAL ARTICLE

Outcome of revision surgery for adverse local tissue reactions in patients with recalled total hip arthroplasty

Christian Klemt, Sakkadech Limmahakhun, Georges Bounajem, Christopher M Melnic, Michael J Harvey, Young-Min Kwon
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 2021 April 9
33837474

INTRODUCTION: Recalls of total hip arthroplasty (THA) implants, including metal-on-metal (MoM) THA and dual taper stems, due to increased risk of adverse local tissue reaction (ALTR), represent a challenge for both surgeons and patients. This study aims to analyze the revision surgery outcomes for ALTR in patients with recalled THA implants.

METHODS: A total of 118 consecutive patients who underwent revision surgery due to ALTR with recalled THA were analyzed. Sub-group analysis was performed for recalled MoM THAs, head-neck modular stems, and dual taper neck-stems.

RESULTS: At a mean follow-up of 6.6 years, the complication and reoperation rates of the recalled THAs were 32.2% and 25.4% respectively. The most common post-revision complication was dislocation (16%). Revision of modular taper corrosion THA and high-grade intraoperative tissue damage were risk factors associated with post-revision complications.

CONCLUSION: This study reports high complication and reoperation rates of recalled THAs at mid-term follow-up. The high revision surgery complication rates in both groups suggest the importance of a systematic evaluation of all THA patients with at-risk implants.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, case control retrospective analysis.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
33837474
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"