JOURNAL ARTICLE

Deletion in COL4A2 is associated with a three-generation variable phenotype: from fetal to adult manifestations

Moran Hausman-Kedem, Liat Ben-Sira, Debora Kidron, Shay Ben-Shachar, Rachel Straussberg, Daphna Marom, Penina Ponger, Anat Bar-Shira, Gustavo Malinger, Aviva Fattal-Valevski
European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG 2021 April 9
33837277
Genetic alterations in COL4A2 are less common than those of COL4A1 and their fetal phenotype has not been described to date. We describe a three-generation family with an intragenic deletion in COL4A2 associated with a prenatal diagnosis of recurrent fetal intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and a myriad of cerebrovascular manifestations. Exome sequencing, co-segregation analysis, and imaging studies were conducted on eight family members including two fetuses with antenatal ICH. Histopathological evaluation was performed on the terminated fetuses. An intragenic heterozygous pathogenic in-frame deletion; COL4A2, c.4151_4168del, (p.Thr1384_Gly1389del) was identified in both fetuses, their father with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (CP), as well as other family members. Postmortem histopathological examination identified microscopic foci of heterotopias and polymicrogyria. The variant segregated in affected individuals demonstrating varying degrees of penetrance and a wide phenotypic spectrum including periventricular venous hemorrhagic infarction causing hemiplegic CP, polymicrogyria, leukoencephalopathy, and lacunar stroke. We present radiographic, pathological, and genetic evidence of prenatal ICH and show, for what we believe to be the first time, a human pathological proof of polymicrogyria and heterotopias in association with a COL4A2 disease-causing variant, while illustrating the variable phenotype and partial penetrance of this disease. We highlight the importance of genetic analysis in fetal ICH and hemiplegic CP.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
33837277
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"