JOURNAL ARTICLE

Congenital Heart Defect and Pulmonary Hypertension in Children With Down Syndrome: Clinical Profile Over Two Decades

Abdullah N Alhuzaimi, Najoud M Alotaibi, Ghadah I Alsuhaibani, Reem K Alanazi, Mohamad-Hani Temsah
Curēus 2021 February 7, 13 (2): e13212
33585145

OBJECTIVES: To describe the frequency and spectrum of congenital heart defects (CHD) and pulmonary hypertension among pediatric patients with Down syndrome (DS) in Saudi Arabia.

METHODS: A cross-sectional, retrospective study of the cardiac anomalies among pediatric patients (0-18 years) with DS had been seen and evaluated in one center from August 2001 to October 2020. The demographic data, the reason for referral, echocardiography data including presence and type of CHD, systolic function, atrioventricular regurgitation, and pulmonary hypertension (PHTN) were analyzed.

RESULTS: Among the 468 pediatric patients with DS, 275 (58.8%) had one or more congenital heart defects (CHD). The most common types of CHD among DS pediatric patients were ventricular septal defect (29.45%), atrial septal defect (ASD) secundum (26.9%) and atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) (22.9%), and moderate to large patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) (9.1%). Pulmonary hypertension analyzed in children older than two months of age and was present in 21.5% of patients with CHD and 2.2% of patients with no CHD. Multivariate logistic regression showed the presence of AVSD, large PDA, and ASD secundum which all independent predictors of pulmonary hypertension.

CONCLUSION: Almost 60% of DS patients have CHD with pulmonary hypertension which affect almost one-fifth of patients with CHD. AVSD, hemodynamically significant PDA, and ASD secundum were the most common lesions associated with pulmonary hypertension.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
33585145
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.