JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Psychiatric Medication Use in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Jennifer L Payne
Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America 2021, 48 (1): 131-149
33573783
Active peripartum psychiatric illness is associated with adverse outcomes for exposed pregnancies/children. Likely due to high rates of obesity, pregnant women with psychiatric illness also have higher rates of preeclampsia, cesarean section, and gestational diabetes. Postpartum depression is associated with lower IQ, slower language development, and behavioral problems in exposed children. Discontinuing psychiatric medications for pregnancy increases risk for relapse significantly, and the postpartum time period is high risk for developing psychiatric illness. Obstetricians-gynecologists are front-line providers for psychiatric care of women during peripartum. This article provides a framework and knowledge base for management of psychiatric illness during peripartum.

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