Noninvasive Management of Pediatric Isolated, Condylar Fractures: Less Is More?

Joseph Lopez, Isabel V Lake, Nima Khavanin, Bartlomiej Kachniarz, Omar Najjar, Navid Pourtaheri, Richard J Redett, Paul N Manson, Amir H Dorafshar
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2021 February 1, 147 (2): 443-452

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine injury patterns in pediatric mandibular condylar fractures and to propose and evaluate the validity of an institutional treatment algorithm for such fractures.

METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on pediatric patients who presented to the authors' institution with isolated mandibular condylar fractures between 1990 and 2016. Patients were categorized by dentition, and information regarding demographics, injury characteristics, management, and complications was compiled.

RESULTS: Forty-three patients with 50 mandibular condylar fractures were identified. Twelve patients (27.9 percent) had deciduous dentition, 15 (34.9 percent) had mixed dentition, and 16 (37.2 percent) had permanent dentition. The most common fracture pattern in all groups was diacapitular [n = 30 (60 percent)]; however, older groups showed higher rates of condylar base fractures and bilateral fractures (p = 0.029 and p = 0.011, respectively). Thirty-one patients (72.1 percent) were treated with nonoperative management, 10 (23.2 percent) with closed treatment and mandibulomaxillary fixation, and two (4.7 percent) with open treatment and mandibulomaxillary fixation; nonoperative treatment was more common in younger patients (p = 0.008). Management for 10 patients (23.2 percent) was nonadherent to the treatment algorithm. Eight patients had complications (18.6 percent). Common complications included temporomandibular joint ankylosis (n = 2) and malocclusion (n = 2). Although complications were seen in all groups, adherence to the algorithm was associated with an 81.8 percent reduction in odds of complications (p = 0.032).

CONCLUSIONS: Nonoperative management has a low complication rate in deciduous children. Children with permanent/mixed dentition may undergo closed treatment and mandibulomaxillary fixation if they have malocclusion/contralateral open bite, significant condylar dislocation, and ramus height loss greater than 2 mm.


Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"