[Progress of the diagnosis and treatment of congenital nasal dermoid sinus cysts]

Yuqin Zheng, Bin Ye, Jingrong Lv, Mingliang Xiang
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery 2021, 35 (2): 176-180
<b/> Congenital midline nasal masses are rare. Nasal dermoid sinus cysts(NDSC) are the most common type of the congenital midline nasal masses in childhood. Clinical manifestations are midline nasal cysts, fistula and intracranial attachments. Nasal encephalocele and glioma should be included in the differential diagnosis. Radiologic images are instructive. NDSC are easily misdiagnosed, leading to recurrence and surgical trauma affecting the face. Early appropriate surgical excision is recommended. This article reviews the embryology pathogenesis, progress of diagnosis and treatment of congenital NDSC.

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