Relationship between allergic sensitisation-associated single-nucleotide polymorphisms and allergic transfusion reactions and febrile non-haemolytic transfusion reactions in paediatric cases

Yuichiro Ide, Ryu Yanagisawa, Jun Kobayashi, Kazutoshi Komori, Kazuyuki Matsuda, Yuji Amano, Yozo Nakazawa, Toshikazu Takeshita, Kazuo Sakashita, Minoru Tozuka
Blood Transfusion 2021 February 3

BACKGROUND: Allergic transfusion reactions (ATR) and febrile non-haemolytic transfusion reactions (FNHTR) are common transfusion-related adverse reactions; however, their pathogenesis remains unclear and it is difficult to predict their occurrence. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) are related to the onset of various diseases and therapy-related adverse events; therefore, identification of SNP related to transfusion-related adverse reactions may help to elucidate the underlying mechanism and predict the onset of these reactions.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed the association between the onset of ATR or FNHTR and 22 allergic sensitisation-related SNP in 219 children (aged ≤20 years) who had haematological and oncological diseases and who had received transfusions of platelets and/or red blood cell concentrates.

RESULTS: Among the 219 children, 105 had developed an ATR and/or FNHTR at least once. The patients who developed ATR frequently had a risk allele in rs6473223, while the patients who developed FNHTR frequently had a risk allele in rs10893845. Furthermore, patients who developed ATR accompanied by febrile symptoms also frequently had a risk allele in rs10893845, similar to patients who developed FNHTR.

DISCUSSION: The results suggested that allergic sensitisation is associated with the onset of ATR and/or FNHTR in some patients. Although further prospective evaluation is necessary, analysis of these SNP might help to provide safer transfusion therapy by predicting patients at higher risk of transfusion-related adverse reactions and further clarifying the pathogenic mechanism underlying such reactions.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"