Hydrofluoric acid burns of the hand: mechanism of injury and treatment

W J Anderson, J R Anderson
Journal of Hand Surgery 1988, 13 (1): 52-7
Hydrofluoric acid is one of the strongest inorganic acids and is used extensively in industry and research. It differs from other acids in that the fluoride ion readily penetrates the skin, causing destruction of deep tissue layers and even bone. Authors have previously described numerous topical treatments. This report describes one method of treatment emphasizing immediate skin cleansing and the application of calcium gluconate gel, which is followed by calcium gluconate subcutaneous injections when necessary. An accurate occupational history and physical examination are important aspects of patient assessment. Prompt treatment resulted in relief of pain and a satisfactory clinical result in all cases. A significant delay in treatment was responsible for permanent impairment in 2 of 14 patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"